For more information on the Superannuation Guarantee, visit the Australian Taxation Office website. Typically, the agreements allow Australian residents to maximize their income by helping them claim payments from other countries where they have spent part of their working lives. SSA between India and Japan has taken almost 4 years to enter into force since it was signed in November 2012. The entry into force of this SSA is a welcome step, as this SSA will have a significant impact on employers who have workers between India and Japan. Under these agreements, Australia equates periods of social security/residence in these countries with periods of Australian residence in order to respect the minimum entitlement periods for Australian pensions. Typically, other countries count periods of work stay in Australia as social security periods to fulfill their minimum payment periods. As a rule, each country pays a partial pension to a person who has lived in both countries. Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements. All these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility. Shared responsibility agreements are reciprocal. Under each agreement, partner countries make concessions to their social security rules so that persons covered by the agreement have access to payments for which they might otherwise not be entitled.. . .