Paris Agreement Co2 Ppm

The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. It will also enable the contracting parties to gradually strengthen their contributions to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. Global efforts to reduce CO2 emissions do not appear to be working. This year, despite the global agreement on climate change, CO2 emissions will reach a record high, according to a new analysis. The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. Given the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, which is expected to reach 407 parts per million (ppm) this year, there is still a long way to go to reach the Paris targets. By comparison, the global CO2 concentration in 1750, before the industrial revolution, stagnated at around 280 ppm – an increase of 45% and the main cause of global warming. Fossil fuels, industry and land use changes are the main human activities responsible for this increase.

Together, they are expected to account for 41.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide in the global atmosphere in 2018. The International Energy Agency`s 2008 World Energy Outlook report describes a “baseline scenario” for the world`s energy future “that does not involve new government policies that go beyond those already adopted until mid-2008,” and then a “550 Policy Scenario” that adopts other policies, a mixture of “cap-and-trade systems, sectoral agreements and national measures.”