The U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement (USJTA) entered into effect on January 1, 2020. In this agreement, Japan committed to granting the United States significant market access by removing most tariffs, discouraging significant tariff reductions, or allowing a certain amount of imports at a lower tariff. Once the USJTA is fully implemented, nearly 90% of U.S. agricultural products and products imported into Japan will be duty-free or have preferential access to tariffs. The Digital Agreement is a separate agreement that establishes rules in the digital space15 The content of the Digital Agreement is practically in line with the provisions of the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA). Notable provisions include the prohibition of customs duties on content transmitted electronically (e.g.B. software and music) and the recognition of an electronic signature as a legally appropriate means of authentication. This is important as the World Trade Organization (WTO) moratorium on wire transfers will be renewed at the 12th Ministerial Conference in June 2020 (see the next issue of EY Tradewatch for a related article). 2. ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2019/december/ambassador-lighthizer-lauds-japan #. In addition to identifying the special program indicator “JP” on the customs entry record (Form CBP 7501), an importer: To benefit from the benefits of the U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement, indicate a secondary HTSUS subheading (i.e. 9921.01.01 or 9921.02.02) for the claimed good, the good must export from Japan and must include in its initial documentation a declaration that the imported good is considered to originate in Japan . As with most other free trade agreement imports, the Japanese importer (or exporter) must provide additional information or documentation necessary to demonstrate that the imported cause originates and is eligible for preferential tariff treatment when Customs and Border Guards (CBP) ask other questions.
Within four months of implementation, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe will shift their efforts to a broader trade deal. This broader agreement should cover both tariff and non-tariff barriers, including tariffs and restrictions on trade in services and investment. Negotiators have tried to circumvent this requirement “for the most part” by presenting the deal as a first step toward a possible free trade deal, but skeptics doubt that President Trump will agree to drop tariffs on things like cars, which would be indispensable as part of a broader deal. Instead, limited agreements like this could become the norm under his government. CFR`s Jennifer Hillman writes, “For my part, I`m not going to hold my breath and wait for a bigger deal.” 9. www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-secured-tremendous-victory-american-farmers-businesses-new-japan-trade-agreements/. The U.S.-Japan trade deal is a breakthrough. This is the first trade deal the president has struck with a major trading partner that, given that its limited scale does not require congressional approval, could soon produce its full effects. . . .