For minor children, their father is the legal guardian and, in his absence, their mother will be the legal guardian. A father is entitled by law to custody of his minor child and therefore cannot enter into an agreement inconsistent with his obligations under that custody. When such an agreement is reached, it is non-agreeable because it is contrary to public policy. An agreement that encroaches on marital obligations is no. B:- This is an agreement in which one or the other party or a third party receives some money in return for the marriage. Such agreements, which oppose public order, have no effect. In simple terms, pubic policy refers to the policy of the government for the good of society, It can also be said that if an agreement against a developed interest of society or morals of the time, it can be said that against public order and the agreement will be considered invalid. It was held that an agreement could not be applied if it was contrary to the public interest [ii] or contrary to general legal policy. In the case of P. Rathinam v.
Union of Idnia[iv], the Supreme Court ruled that the term public order is open to change and expanding marriage mediation is the sum of money agreed by a party to obtain a person`s marriage. Such agreements are nullified and reject public order, for example. B an agreement on the sale of a young girl. An agreement to deceive creditors is contrary to public policy and is non-agreeable. Example: A, a purohit was promised to Rs.50 considering getting a second woman for B. Subsequently, A brought an action against B in order to recover the aforementioned amount. It was found that such a promise would amount to an illegal conjugal mediation contract and that the agreement was not applicable. As a result, the appeal was dismissed. Figure 1: A person `A` is convicted of murder.
His friend “P” goes to court to reach an agreement to give order in favor of “A”. The same agreement is non-concluding. Since monopoly is contrary to public policy, an agreement to create a monopoly is irrelevant. An agreement to restrict the marriage of a person other than a minor is, under Section 26, not concluded and contrary to public policy. A wartime agreement with a foreign enemy, if it helps or helps the enemy country`s economy, will oppose public order and will therefore be illegal. Contracts concluded before the outbreak of war are either suspended or terminated. In England, both agreements are illegal and unenforceable. However, in India, only agreements that appear to be entered into for gambling purposes in disputes and for breaches or to repress others, by encouraging lay litigation, are not enforced, but not all support and championship agreements are enforced.
If, in an agreement, the counterparty commits a crime, the agreement is contrary to public order and is non-aeig. Similarly, an agreement to compensate a person for the consequences of his or her criminal act is not applicable if it is contrary to public policy. According to Section 23, “If a party is absolutely prevented from asserting its rights or contract through ordinary court proceedings in ordinary courts or if the period within which it can therefore assert its rights, it is annual.” Two types of agreements are dealt with under this head. They are – example: A and B were rival traders in a place in Calcutta. B agreed to pay A, a sum if he closed his store there. To do so, but B refused to pay him the money. The agreement was not reached, so the money could not be recovered. Any trade in enemies is contrary to public order. It is therefore illegal and not aeig.
However, if a contract is concluded during the peace period and a war subsequently breaks out, one of the two things can lead to the suspension of the treaty or termination, depending on the intention of the parties.